Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in people over 50 years of age, and is often referred to as the "Thief of Sight" because it doesn't usually have any symptoms. Glaucoma is the disease of the optic nerve, which is the part of the eye that carries the images we see to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many optic nerve fibers, like an electrical cable containing numerous wires. When pressure inside the eye increases damage to the optic nerve fibers may occur, causing blind spots to develop. These blind spots usually go undetected until the optic nerve is significantly damaged. If the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness occurs. Early detection and treatment are keys to preventing optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma.
If you have diabetes, your body does not use and store glucose properly. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light and helps to send images to the brain. The damage to retinal vessels, referred to as a diabetic retinopathy, can cause bleeding at the back of the eye and vision problems.
If you have diabetes, it is important to schedule an examination at least once per year. More frequent examinations may be necessary, depending o the progress of the disease.
Dr. Doubrava is Board Certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. To learn more about the American Academy of Ophthalmology, click here: aao.org
For more information and to schedule an appointment please contact (702) 794-2020